Anthropology of Crime
European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA) network
Syllabus designed by Dr Davide Casciano, University of Bologna. This BA course is dedicated to the anthropological contributions to the study of crime and criminalization. After a general introduction to the field, ethnographic case studies will help us to discuss phenomena and actors that define legal and illegal boundaries through complex, global, and multifaceted networks at the intersections of violence, crime, finance, power and subordination.
There are some texts that are available only in Italian (where possible, we have provided the English edition in this syllabus). Besides mandatory texts*, we have included a list of articles and books in English that have been discussed in class.
Schneider, J., & Schneider, P. (2008). The anthropology of crime and criminalization. Annual review of anthropology, 37, 351-373.
Sausdal, D., & Vigh, H. (2019). Introduction: Anthropological criminology 2.0. Focaal, 2019(85), 1-14.
Hart, K. (1973). Informal income opportunities and urban employment in Ghana. The journal of modern African studies, 11(1), 61-89.
*Varese, F. (2011). Mafias on the Move. Princeton University Press.
Block, A. (1974). The Mafia in a Sicilian Village, 1860-1960: A Study of Violent Peasant Entrepreneurs. Basil Blackwell.
Schneider, P. T., & Schneider, J. (2003). Reversible destiny: Mafia, Antimafia, and the Struggle for Palermo. University of California Press.
Gambetta, D. (1993). The Sicilian mafia: the business of private protection. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Arlacchi, P., & Ryle, M. H. (1986). Mafia business: the mafia ethic and the spirit of capitalism (Vol. 3, p. 4). London: Verso.
Paoli, L. (1998). Il contratto di status nelle associazioni mafiose. Quaderni di Sociologia, (18), 73-97.
Santoro, M. (2007). La voce del padrino. Mafia, Cultura, politica. Verona: Ombre Corte.
Ellis, S., & Shaw, M. (2015). Does organized crime exist in Africa?. African Affairs, 114(457), 505-528.
Watts, M. (2007). Petro-insurgency or criminal syndicate? Conflict & violence in the Niger Delta. Review of African Political Economy, 34(114), 637-660.
Hansen, T. B., & Stepputat, F. (2006). Sovereignty revisited. Annu. Rev. Anthropol., 35, 295-315.
*Quarta, L. (2016). Il limbo urbano. Conflitti territoriali, violenza e gang a Città del Guatemala. Verona: Ombre Corte.
Feixas, C. (2020). Oltre le bande. Saggi sulle culture giovanili. Roma: DeriveApprodi.
Palmas, L. Q. (2010). Atlantico latino: gang giovanili e culture transnazionali. Roma: Carocci.
*Taliani, S. (2019). Il tempo della disobbedienza. Per un’antropologia della parentela nella migrazione. Verona: Ombre corte.
Heap, S. (2010). “Their days are spent in gambling and loafing, pimping for prostitutes, and picking pockets”: male juvenile delinquents on Lagos Island, 1920s-1960s. Journal of Family History, 35(1), 48-70.
Fourchard, L. (2006). Lagos and the invention of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria, 1920–60. The Journal of African History, 47(1), 115-137.
Schulze, K. (2019). The Wild Bunch: Cowboy Clubs, Gangs, and Societies in Nigeria. Journal of West African History, 5(1), 115-141.
Gore, C., & Pratten, D. (2003). The politics of plunder: the rhetorics of order and disorder in southern Nigeria. African Affairs, 102(407), 211-240.
Ellis, S. (2016). This present darkness: A history of Nigerian organized crime. Oxford University Press, USA.
Eguavoen, I. (2008). Killer cults on campus: Secrets, security and services among Nigerian students. Sociologus, 1-25.
Marshall, R. (2009). Political spiritualities. University of Chicago Press.
Hackett, R. I. (2003). Discourses of demonization in Africa and beyond. Diogenes, 50(3), 61-75.
Vanderhurst, S. (2017). Governing with God: Religion, Resistance, and the State in Nigeria’s Counter‐Trafficking Programs. PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, 40(2), 194-209.
Casciano, D. (2021). Between God and the state: Pentecostalism and articulated sovereignty in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue canadienne des études africaines, 1-19.
Brennan, D. (2011). Life Interrupted. Trafficking into forced labor in the United States. Durham: Duke University Press.
Ekpootu, M. U. (2017). Sexualizing the city: female prostitution in Nigeria’s urban centres in a historical perspective. In Selling Sex in the City: A Global History of Prostitution, 1600s-2000s (pp. 306-328). Brill.
Eghafona, K. The phenomenon of re-trafficking of women repatriated in Nigeria.
*Fassin, D. (2013). Enforcing order: An ethnography of urban policing. Polity.
Martin, J. T. (2018). Police and policing. Annual review of anthropology, 47, 133-148.
Penglase, B. (2009). States of insecurity: Everyday emergencies, public secrets, and drug trafficker power in a Brazilian favela. PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, 32(1), 47-63.
Feldman, G. (2019). The gray zone: Sovereignty, human smuggling, and undercover police investigation in Europe. Stanford University Press.
Owen, O., & Garnier, A. (2012). Maintenir l’ordre au Nigeria: vers une histoire de la souveraineté de l’État. Politique africaine, (4), 25-51.
Diphoorn, T. G. (2015). Twilight policing: Private security and violence in urban South Africa. Univ of California Press.