Anthropology of Crime
European Association of Social Anthropologists (EASA) network
Syllabus designed by Lucia Michelutti, Professor of Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, University College London (UCL), 14 Taviton Street London WC1H 0BW.
The syllabus is available on the official UCL site at this web address.
Week 1 Introduction to the course
‘…It is a crime to kill a neighbor, an act of heroism to kill an enemy, but who is an enemy and who is a neighbor is purely a matter of social definition’.
—E. R. Leach (1968:27)
These are the key questions we will discuss in the introductory section. We will frame this discussion through an analysis of what has been called the ˜the Goffman Controversy”. Please do your own research and write 300 words about “the controversy” and take your notes to the class.
Alice Goffman (2015) On the Run. Fugitive Live in an American City. Chicago: Chicago University Press (Introduction- Appendix Methodological Note). David Sausdal and Henrik Vigh (2019) Anthropological criminology 2.0: Ethnographies of global crime and criminalization. Focaal—Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology 85 (2019): 1–14.
And Any One of the Following:
Rodgers, D. (2001) Making Danger a Calling: Anthropology, Violence, and the Dilemmas of Participant Observation. London School of Economics- Development Studies Institute (DESTIN) Development Research Centre Crisis States Programme Working Paper No. 6. London: DRC. Osburg, J. (2013) Meeting the 'Godfather': Fieldwork and Ethnographic Seduction in a Chinese Nightclub. PoLAR: Vol. 36, No. 2 Sluka, J. (1990) Participant observation in violent social contexts, Human Organization, 49(2): 114-126. Schneider, Jane, and Peter Schneider. 2008. “The anthropology of crime and criminalization.” Annual Review of Anthropology 37: 351–373
Rafael, V.L. (ed.). (1999) Figures of criminality in Indonesia, the Philippines, and colonial Vietnam. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Introduction Roitman, J. (2006). The ethics of illegality in the Chad Basin. Law and Disorder in the Postcolony. J. Comaroff and J. Comaroff. Chicago, Chicago University Press: 247-272 Benda-Beckmann Von Franz, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann (2009). Rules of Laws of Ruling: on the Governance of Law (Introduction). Beirne P. 1993. Inventing Criminology: Essays on the Rise of “Homo Criminalis.” Albany: State Univ. N. Y. Press. Chanock M. 1985. Law, Custom, and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia. Cambridge. Cambridge Univ. Press. Comaroff JL, Comaroff J. 2006. Law and disorder in the postcolony: an introduction. Chicago/London: Univ. Chicago Press. Fleisher ML. 2000. Kuria cattle raiding: capitalist transformation, commoditization, and crime formation among an East African agro-pastoral people. Comp. Stud. Soc. Hist. 42:745–69 Freitag S. B. 1985. Collective crime and authority in North India codification. See Yang 1985, pp. 140–63. Kane, S. C. (2004). The unconventional methods of cultural criminology. Theoretical Criminology, 8, 303–321. Kane, P.C. & S.C. Parnell (eds.) (2003). Crimes’ power: anthropologists and the ethnography of crime. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Garriott W. (2008) Terrorists, drug dealers and other criminals: the discourse of criminality and the paradox of hypersecurity. Work. Pap., Dep. Anthropol., Princeton Univ. Goode E, Ben-Yehuda N (1994) Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance. Malden, MA: Blackwell Malinowski B. (1926) Crime and Custom in Savage Society. London: Kegan Paul/Trench/Trubner. Malinowski, B. (1925). The forces of law and order in a primitive community. London, UK: Royal Institution of Great Britain. Nader L. (2003) Crime as a category. See Parnell & Kane 2003, pp. 55–77 Siegel, J. (1998) ‘A new criminal type in Jakarta: counter-revolution today’, Durham, NC: Duke University Press. INTERVIEW: The “New Anthropology of Crime” Penglase, Ben ; Kane, Stephanie C. ; Parnell, Philip PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, 2009, Vol.32(1), pp.105-123. Anthropology and Crime: An Interview with Jean Comaroff Comaroff, Jean, PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, 2010, Vol.33(1), pp.133-139
This week we consider the so called ‘social bandit debate’ which sparked between Hosbawm and Blok in the 1970s. We shall discuss if the ‘social bandit/’Robin Hood’ template has universal qualities? Can a gangster be also a ‘social bandit’? Are ‘social bandits’ and ‘gangsters’ mutually exclusive categories? How are powerful criminal-hero mythologies constructed?
Research on the web (press, books, movies, you tube…) and collect information about one of the following figures of ‘banditry’ in contemporary India:
Group 1: Pholan Devi aka ‘the Bandit Queen’
Group 2: Veerappan aka ‘the Jungle Cat’
Required Reading (any 2)
Blok, A. (1972) ‘The Peasant and the Brigand: Social Banditry Reconsidered’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 14(04): 494-510. Hobsbawm (1972) Social Bandits: Reply. Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 14, No. 4 (Sep., 1972), pp. 503-505 Published by: Cambridge University Press Graham Seal (2009) The Robin Hood Principle: Folklore, History, and the Social Bandit Author(s), Journal of Folklore Research, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Jan. - Apr., 2009), pp. 67-89.
Ethnographic examples of social banditry (any 1):
Wagner, Kim A. 2007 "Thuggee and Social Banditry Reconsidered." The Historical Journal 50/2:353-76. Sidel, J. (1999a) ‘The Usual Suspects: Nardong Putik, Don Pepe Oyson, and Robin Hood’, in V. Rafael (ed.), Figures of Criminality in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Colonial Vietnam, pp.70-94, (Studies on Southeast Asia, No. 25) Southeast Asia Program Publications. Michelutti, L. 2018 Mafia Raj: The Rule of Bosses in South Asia. Stanford: Standford University Press. Chapter 5: Lady Dabang.
Barkey, K. (1994) Bandits and Bureaucrats: The Ottoman Route to State Centralization. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Crummey D. (1986) Banditry, Rebellion and Social Protest in Africa. London/Portsmouth, NH: J. Currey/Heinemann. Gilbert JM. (1990) On the trail of Latin American bandits: a reexamination of peasant resistance. Latin Am. Res. Rev. 15:7–55 Gordon RJ. (1986) Bushman banditry in twentieth-century Namibia. Guha R. 1983. Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India. Delhi: Oxford Univ. Press Herzfeld M. (1985) The Poetics of Manhood: Contest and Identity in a Cretan Mountain Village. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univity Press. Kooistra, Paul (1989) Criminals as Heroes: Structure, Power and Identity. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Popular Press.
The purpose this week is to think cross-culturally about the figure of the hustler. We shall look at ‘the art of making do’ in different contexts and explore the border/ frictions between informal/formal economies, legality, semi-illegality and organized crime. How do ethnographies of ‘contact zones’ help anthropologists to study crime and/or economic informality? Where does ‘informality’ stops and ‘organized crime’ start?
Whyte, W. (1943) Street Corner Society. (Introduction and Conclusion) https://search.proquest.com/docview/301881483/?pq-origsite=primo (online library) Hart, K. (1973). Informal income opportunities and urban employment in Ghana. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 11(1), 61–89. Hansen, Thomas Blom & Oskar Verkaaik. 2009. ‘Introduction — ‘Urban Charisma: On Everyday Mythologies in the City’. Critique of Anthropology, 29: 5-26
And (any of the two)
India Jauregui, B. (2014) ‘Provisional agency in India: Jugaad and legitimation of corruption’, American Ethnologist, 41(1): 76-91. Michelutti, et al (forthcoming). Mafia Raj: The rule of Bossing is South Asia. Stanford University Press. (Chapter 3: The Bluffer; Chapter 4 The Henchman) Hoque A. and Michelutti L. Brushing with Organized Crime and Democracy (2018) The Art of Making do in South Asia. Journal of Asian Studies. Jeffrey C and S Young (2014) ‘Jugad: Youth and Enterprise in India’. Annals of Association of American Geographers. Vol 104.
Italy Pardo, Italo (1996) Managing Existence in Naples. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Pine, Jason (2012) The Art of Making Do in Naples. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press (on line : Introduction, Chapter 1 and Chapter 6).
Ethiopia, South Africa, Côte D’Ivoire, Chad Di Nunzio, Marco (2017) Marginality as a politics of limited entitlements: street life and the dilemma of inclusion in urban Ethiopia. American Ethnologist. Vol 44 (1) Simone, A. (2005). Urban circulation and the everyday politics of African urban youth: the case of Douala, Cameron. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29(3), 516–532. Newell, S. (2012) The modernity bluff: Crime, consumption, and citizenship in Côte d’Ivoire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (Introduction and/or Chapter on Crime) Roitman, J. (2006). The ethics of illegality in the Chad Basin. Law and Disorder in the Postcolony. J. Comaroff and J. Comaroff. Chicago, Chicago University Press: 247-272
Aiyar, S. A. A. (2010) Jugaad is our most precious resource. The Economic Times 15 August. de Certeau, M. (1984) The practice of everyday life, trans. S. Rendall. Berkeley: University of California Press. Duarte, F. (2006) A double-edged sword: The “jeitinho” as an ambiguous concept in the Brazilian imaginary. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 1 (1): 125–31. Gooptu, N. (2007) Economic liberalization, work, and democracy. Economic and Political Weekly 42 (21): 1922–33. Harriss-White, B. (2003) India working: Essays on society and economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Harriss-White, B., and N. Gooptu. (2001) Mapping India’s world of unorganized labour. Socialist Register 37:89–119. Jones, J. (2010) “Nothing is straight in Zimbabwe”: The rise of the Kukiya-kiya economy 2000–2008. Journal of Southern African Studies 36 (2): 285–99. Simone, A. M. (2004) For the city yet to come: Changing African life in four cities. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Smith, D. (2007) A culture of corruption: Everyday deception and popular discontent in Nigeria. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Vigh, H. (2006) Navigating terrains of war: Youth and soldiering in Guinea-Bissau. New York: Berghahn.
We shall explore extortion and racketeering in different settings. Protection money is the bread and butter of mafia-like groups across the world. We will analyse ethnographies of extortion of three criminal organization: the Sicilian Cosa Nostra, the Russian Mafia and the Japanese Yakuza. Our key research question is: is extortion a cross-cultural phenomenon? What does an anthropology of intimidation and black mailing look like?
Read at least 2 of these articles (some are very short):
Federico Varese. 2010. "What is Organized Crime?" In Organized Crime, pgs. 14-21 Shah, A. (2006) ‘Markets of Protection: The Terrorist Maoist Movement and the State in Jharkand, India’, Critique of Anthropology, 26(3): 297-314. Schneider, J.C. and Schneider, P.T. (2007) ˜Mafias", in Nugent, D., Vincent J. (eds.) A Companion to the Anthropology of Politics, pp. 303-318, Blackwell Publishing. W. Fontes. Extorted Life: Protection Rackets in Guatemala City. Public Culture, Sep 2016, Vol.28(3), p.593 Michelutti, L. (nd). Circuits of protection and extortion. Ethnographic notes on sovereignty in a provincial North Indian town.
Then read at least 1 article from the following ˜Mafia/Extortion” ethnographic packages
Sicilian Cosa Nostra Dickie, J. (2011) ‘Blood brotherhoods: The rise of the Italian mafias’, London: Sceptre. Introduction Schneider, J. and Schneider, P. (2011) ‘The Mafia and Capitalism. An emerging paradigm’, Sociologica 2: 1 – 22. Blok A. 1974. The Mafia of a Sicilian Village, 1860–1960: A Study of Violent Peasant Entrepreneurs. New York: Harper and Row. Introduction Gambetta, D. (1993) ‘The Sicilian mafia: The business of private protection’, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Chapter 1 and 3.
The Russian Mafia Humphrey, C. (1999) ‘Traders, ‘disorder’ and citizens regimes in provincial Russia’, in Burawoy (ed.), Uncertain transition: Ethnographies of Change in the Postsocialist World. Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield. Humphrey, C. (2004) ‘Sovereignty’, In D. Nugent and J Vincent (eds.) A companion to the anthropology of politics, pp.418–36. Oxford: Blackwell. Varese, F. (2001) ‘The Russian mafia: private protection in a new market economy’, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Introduction Volkov, V. (2002) ‘Violent entrepreneurs: The use of force in the making of Russian capitalism’, Cornell NY: Cornell University Press. (Chapter: Violent Entrepreneurship)
The Yakuza DE Kaplan, A Dubro (2012). Yakuza: Japan's criminal underworld - Introduction Hill, P.B.E. (2006) ‘The Japanese Mafia. Yakuza, law, and the State’, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chapter 1 Stark 1981. The yakuza: Japanese crime incorporated. PhD University of Michigan. Varese, V (2006) The secret history of Japanese cinema: The Yakuza movies. Global Crime.
Skaperdas, S. 2001. The Political Economy of Organized Crime: Providing Protection When the State Does Not. Economics of Governance Jaffe, R. 2013. The Hybrid State. Crime and Citizenship in Urban Jamaica, American Ethnologist, 40(4): 734-748. Arias, E. (2006) ‘The Dynamics of Criminal Governance: Networks and Social Order in Rio de Janeiro’, Journal of Latin American Studies, 38(02): 293-310. Armao, F. (2015) ‘Mafia-owned-democracies. Italy and Mexico as Patterns of Criminal Neoliberalism’, Revista de Historia Actual, 1:4-21. Bayart, J., Ellis, S. and Hibou, B. (1999) ‘The criminalization of the state in Africa’, London: International African Institute in association with J. Currey, Oxford. Berenschot, W. (2011) ‘On the Usefulness of Goondas in Indian Politics: ‘Moneypower’ and ‘Musclepower’ in a Gujarati Locality’, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 34(2): 255-275 Briquet, J., Favarel-Garrigues, G. (2010) ‘Organized crime and states’, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Chubb, J. (1996) ‘The Mafia, the Market and the State in Italy and Russia’, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 1(2): 273-291. Das, V., and D. Poole (2004) State and Its Margins: Comparative Ethnographies. In Anthropology at the Margins of the State, ed. V. Das and D. Poole, pp. 3–33. Santa Fe, NM: School for American Research. Gayer, L. (2014) Karachi. Ordered disorder and the struggle for the city, London/Delhi/New York/Karachi, Hurst/HarperCollins/Oxford University Press. Hansen, T. B. (2009) ‘Javeedbhai (Mumbai)’, in M. Banerjee, (ed.), Muslim Portraits. Indiana University Press. Heyman, J. (1999) ‘States and illegal practices’, Oxford: Berg. Shortland, A. and Varese, F. (2014) ‘The Protector’s Choice – An Application of Protection Theory to Somali Piracy’, British Journal of Criminology. Sidel, J. (1999) ‘Capital, coercion, and crime: Bossism in the Philippines’, Stanford: University of California Press. Charles Tilly. 1985. War Making and State Making as Organized Crime. Pp. 169-192 in Bringing the State Back In, edited by P. B. Evans, D. Rueschemeyer, T. Skocpol. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Weinstein, L. (2008) ‘Mumbai's Development Mafias: Globalization, Organized Crime and Land Development’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(1): 22-39.
(2012) Framing Mafia Infiltration in the Construction Industry in Italy. Final Report. Study on extortion and racketeering. EU Report. http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/doc_centre/crime/docs/study_on_extortion_racketeering_en.pdf Videos/Documentaries/Movies
Interview with Roberto Saviano (author of Gomorrah and Zero Zero Zero) – July 2015 - BBC 2 Hard Talk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02wnb53 The Mafia Secrets Bunkers by John Dickey (Professor of Italian UCL) http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01s94zv Movies Gomorrah (on Camorra, Naples) Il divo: La spettacolare vita di Giulio Andreotti Gangs of Wasseypur 1 and 2 (on India mafias and politics)
Week 6: Reading Week
This week we shall explore ‘smuggling’ and ‘trafficking – in particularly we shall analyse ethnographies of drug trafficking.
Naím, M. (2006). Illicit: How Smugglers, Traffickers, and Copycats are Hijacking the Global Economy. New York, Anchor Books. Introduction Nordstrom, C. (2007). Global outlaws: crime, money, and power in the contemporary world. Berkley, University of California Press. Introduction and Conclusion Roitman J (2008) “A Successful Life in the Illegal Realm: Smugglers and Road Bandits in the Chad Basin.” In Readings on Modernity in Africa, edited by Peter Geschiere, Birgit Meyer, and Peter Pels. IAI-James Currey-Indiana University Press, 2008.
Any 1 of the following
On drug trade:
Edberg, Mark 2004 The Narcotrafficker in Representation and Practice: A Cultural Persona from the U.S.–Mexican Border. Ethos 32(2):257-277. Gay R. 2015. Bruno: Conversations with a Brazilian Drug Dealer. Duke University Press. (Introduction and any of the chapters) Grisaffi, T. (2014). "Can you get rich from the Bolivian Cocaine trade? Cocaine paste production in the Chapare." Andean Information Network Policy Memos. Retrieved 1st April, 2014, from http://ain-bolivia.org/2014/03/can-you-get-rich-from-the-bolivian-cocaine-trade-cocaine-paste-production-in-the-chapare/. Grisaffi, T. and K. Ledebur (2016). "Citizenship or Repression? Coca, Eradication and Development in the Andes." Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 5(1). Hough, P. (2011). "Disarticulations and commodity chains: cattle, coca, and capital accumulation along Colombia's agricultural frontier." Environment and Planning A 43: 1016- 1034. Sneed, P. and M. Edberg (2001). "Drug Traffickers as Social Bandits: Culture and Drug Trafficking in Northern Mexico and the Border Regions." Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 17(3).
Araham, I. and W. van Schendel (2005). Introduction: The Making of Illicitness. Illicit Flows and Criminal Things: States, Borders, and the Other Side of Globalization. W. van Schendel and I. Abraham. Bloomington, Indiana University Press. Andreas, Peter. (2013). Smuggler Nation: How Illicit Trade Made America. New York: Oxford University Press/ Arias, E. D. (forthcoming). Criminal Enterprises and Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Bagley, B. (2012). Drug Trafficking And Organized Crime In The Americas: Major Trends In The Twenty-First Century. Woodrown Wilson Center Update on the Americas. Washington D.C., Woodrow Wilson Center. Bair, J. and M. Werner (2011). "The place of disarticulations: global commodity production in La Laguna, Mexico." Environment and Planning A 43: 998 - 1015. Bourgois, P. and J. Schonberg (2009). Righteous Dopefiend. Berkley, University of California Press. Clawson, P. and R. Lee (1996). The Andean Cocaine Industry. New York: MacMillan. De Genova, Nicholas 2004 The Legal Production of Mexican Migrant "Illegality." Latino Studies 2(2): 160- 185. Duran-Martinez, Angelica (2015). "To Kill and Tell? State Power, Criminal Competition, and Drug Violence." Journal of Conflict Resolution 1377-1402. Gereffi, G. and M. Korzeniewicz (1994) Commodity Chains and Global Capitalism., Greenwood. Glenny, M. (2009) McMafia: Seriously Organized Crime. New York: Random House. Karandinos, G., et al. (2015). The Moral Economy of Violence in the US Inner City. Violence at the Urban Margins. J. Auyero, P. Bourgois and N. Scheper-Hughes. Oxford, Oxford University Press Kernaghan, R. (2009) Coca's Gone: Of Might and Right in the Huallaga Post-Boom Stanford University Press. Jusionyte, I. (2013) On and Off the Record: The Production of Legitimacy in an Argentine Border Town. PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 36(2):231-248. Saviano, R. (2015). Zero Zero Zero. New York: Penguin Press. Scheper-Hughes, N. (2000). The global traffic in human organs. Current Anthropology, 41(2), 191–224. Spener, D. (2009). Clandestine Crossings: Migrants and Coyotes on the Texas-Mexico Border. Cornell University Press Taussig, M. (1980). The Devil and Commodity Fetishism in South America. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press Tassi, N (2016). The Native World-System. An Ethnography of Bolivian Aymara Traders in the Global Economy. Oxford University Press. Zaitch, D. (2002) Trafficking cocaine: Colombian drug entrepreneurs in the Netherlands. The Hague, Kluwer Law International
Documentary: Cocaine Cowboys (2006)
We shall watch the movie/documentary In-Class Documentary: India’s Daughter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQZQF1ip9gM
Baxi, P. (2014) Public Secrets of Law: Rape Trials in India, New Delhi, Oxford University Press. (Introduction and one chapter) Clarinda Still (forthcoming) Dalit Women, Rape and the Revitalisation of Patriarchy?
And one of the Following:
Mookherjee, N. (2016). 'Remembering to forget: public secrecy and memory of sexula violence in the Bangladesh war' . JRAI, 12 (2): 433-450 Krishnan, S. 2015. Agency, intimacy and rape jokes: an ethnographic study of young women and sexual risk in Chennai. JRAI, 22(1) 67-83. Berreman, G. (1993) ‘Sanskritization as Female Oppression in India’. In B. D. Miller (ed.). Sex and Gender Hierarchies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 366–392. Chamberlain, Gethin (2013) ‘ ‘If girls look sexy, boys will rape.’ Is this what Indian men really believe?’ The Observer. 24 March 2013. (accessed 29.09.2014) Littlewood, R. Military Rape. Anthropology Today Vol. 13, No. 2 (Apr., 1997), pp. 7-16. Dutta, Debolina and Oishik Sircar. 2013. ‘India's Winter of Discontent: Some Feminist Dilemmas in the Wake of a Rape’. Feminist Studies, Vol. 39, No. 1., pp. 293-306. Linger. D (2003) Wild Power in Post-Military Brazil. In Crime’s Power (99-124) Wright, Melissa W. 2011 Necropolitics, Narcopolitics, and Femicide: Gendered Violence on the Mexico- U.S. Border. Signs 36(3):707-731. Wood, K., Lambert H., Jewkes R. (2007) “Showing Roughness in a Way”: Talk about Love, Coercion, and Rape in South African Youth Sexual Culture. Medical Anthropology Quarterly. Volume 21, Issue 3
Required Reading (any ONE)
Dawdy, S.L. & J. Bonni. 2012. ‘Towards a general theory of piracy’. Anthropological Quarterly 85, 3: 673-699. Dent, A.S. 2012. ‘Introduction: understanding the war on piracy, or why we need more anthropology of pirates’. Anthropological Quarterly 85, 3: 659-672. Pang, L. 2008. ‘“China who makes and fakes:” a semiotics of the counterfeit.’ Theory, Culture & Society 25, 6: 117-140.
And any TWO of the following:
Larkin, B. 2004. ‘Degraded images, distorted sounds: Nigerian video and the infrastructure of piracy’. Public Culture 16, 2: 289-314 Sundaram, R. 2009. Pirate modernity: media urbanism in Delhi. Delhi: Routledge. Chapter 3. Newell, S. 2013. ‘Brands as masks: public secrecy and the counterfeit in Côte d’Ivoire’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (N.S.), 19: 138-154. Lin, Yi-Chieh Jessica. 2011. Fake Stuff: China and the Rise of Counterfeit Goods. New York: Routledge. Phillips, Tim. 2005. Knockoff: The Deadly Trade in Counterfeit Goods: The True Story of the World's Fastest Growing Crime wave. London: Kogan Page. Brandtstadter, S. 2009. ‘Fakes: fraud, value-anxiety and the politics of sincerity’. In Karen Sykes (ed.) Ethnographies of moral reasoning: living paradoxes of a global age. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Crăciun, M. 2012. ‘Rethinking fakes, authenticating selves’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 18, 4: 846–863.
Cunha M (2014) The Ethnography of Prisons and Penal Confinement. Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol. 43: 217-233 Fassin, D (2016). Prison Worlds: An Ethnography of the Carceral Condition. (Introduction and chapter 1) HM Prison Service – A SURVIVAL GUIDE by Carl Cattermole (attached) And one of the following Jefferson, A. M. (2014) Conceptualizing confinement: Prisons and poverty in Sierra Leone. Criminology & Criminal Justice. da Cunha, M (2008) Closed circuits: Kinship, neighborhood and incarceration in urban Portugal. Ethnography. Walporpa, K. and Jeffen, S. (2017) Awkward Entanglements: Kinship, Morality and Survival in Cape Town’s Prison–township Circuit. Ethnos. Ferrandiz, Francisco (2004) The body as wound. Possession, malandros and everyday violence in Venezuela. Critique of Anthropology 24(2): 107-33.
Arnold D. (1985) Crime and crime control in Madras, 1885–1947. In Yang Anderson, C (2004) Legible Bodies: Race, Criminality, and Colonialism in South Asia. Oxford, New York: Berg. Foucault M. (1977) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, transl. A Sheridan. New York: Pantheon Gambetta, D. (2009) ‘Codes of the underworld. How criminals communicate’, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Chapter 3 and 4) Gay R. 2015. Bruno: Conversations with a Brazilian Drug Dealer. Duke University Press. (Chapter: The Leader) Skarbeck D (2014) The Social Order of the Underworld: How Prison Gangs Govern the American Penal System. Oxford University Press. Sen, S (2000) Disciplining Punishment: Colonialism and Convict Society in the Andaman Islands. New Delhi, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000). (2005) Colonial Childhoods: The Juvenile Periphery of India, 1850–1945, Anthem South Asian Studies. London: Anthem Press. Rhodes , L.A. Toward an anthropology of Prisons. Annual Review of Anthropology Vol. 30 (2001), pp. 65-83 Timerman, J. (2002) Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number (University of Wisconsin Press. Zilberg, E. (2011) Space of Detention: The Making of a Transnational Gang Crisis Between Los Angeles and San Salvador. Duke University Press.
You may download the full syllabus as a PDF below: